(CNN) - President-elect Barack Obama on Thursday said Congress must take "dramatic action" on his economic aid package as soon as possible, warning that a failure to do so would have devastating long-term consequences for the nation.
"If nothing is done, this recession could linger for years. The unemployment rate could reach double digits," he said.
Obama laid the groundwork for urgent movement on his "American Recovery and Reinvestment Plan," a plan he says will save or create more than 3 million jobs and invest in health care, energy and education, among other priorities.
Read the full speech after the jump
Throughout America’s history, there have been some years that simply rolled into the next without much notice or fanfare. Then there are the years that come along once in a generation – the kind that mark a clean break from a troubled past, and set a new course for our nation.
This is one of those years.
We start 2009 in the midst of a crisis unlike any we have seen in our lifetime – a crisis that has only deepened over the last few weeks. Nearly two million jobs have now been lost, and on Friday we are likely to learn that we lost more jobs last year than at any time since World War II. Just in the past year, another 2.8 million Americans who want and need full-time work have had to settle for part-time jobs. Manufacturing has hit a twenty-eight year low. Many businesses cannot borrow or make payroll. Many families cannot pay their bills or their mortgage. Many workers are watching their life savings disappear. And many, many Americans are both anxious and uncertain of what the future will hold.
I don’t believe it’s too late to change course, but it will be if we don’t take dramatic action as soon as possible. If nothing is done, this recession could linger for years. The unemployment rate could reach double digits. Our economy could fall $1 trillion short of its full capacity, which translates into more than $12,000 in lost income for a family of four. We could lose a generation of potential and promise, as more young Americans are forced to forgo dreams of college or the chance to train for the jobs of the future. And our nation could lose the competitive edge that has served as a foundation for our strength and standing in the world.
In short, a bad situation could become dramatically worse.
This crisis did not happen solely by some accident of history or normal turn of the business cycle, and we won’t get out of it by simply waiting for a better day to come, or relying on the worn-out dogmas of the past. We arrived at this point due to an era of profound irresponsibility that stretched from corporate boardrooms to the halls of power in Washington, DC. For years, too many Wall Street executives made imprudent and dangerous decisions, seeking profits with too little regard for risk, too little regulatory scrutiny, and too little accountability. Banks made loans without concern for whether borrowers could repay them, and some borrowers took advantage of cheap credit to take on debt they couldn’t afford. Politicians spent taxpayer money without wisdom or discipline, and too often focused on scoring political points instead of the problems they were sent here to solve. The result has been a devastating loss of trust and confidence in our economy, our financial markets, and our government.
Now, the very fact that this crisis is largely of our own making means that it is not beyond our ability to solve. Our problems are rooted in past mistakes, not our capacity for future greatness. It will take time, perhaps many years, but we can rebuild that lost trust and confidence. We can restore opportunity and prosperity. We should never forget that our workers are still more productive than any on Earth. Our universities are still the envy of the world. We are still home to the most brilliant minds, the most creative entrepreneurs, and the most advanced technology and innovation that history has ever known. And we are still the nation that has overcome great fears and improbable odds. If we act with the urgency and seriousness that this moment requires, I know that we can do it again.
That is why I have moved quickly to work with my economic team and leaders of both parties on an American Recovery and Reinvestment Plan that will immediately jumpstart job creation and long-term growth.
It’s a plan that represents not just new policy, but a whole new approach to meeting our most urgent challenges. For if we hope to end this crisis, we must end the culture of anything goes that helped create it – and this change must begin in Washington. It is time to trade old habits for a new spirit of responsibility. It is time to finally change the ways of Washington so that we can set a new and better course for America.
There is no doubt that the cost of this plan will be considerable. It will certainly add to the budget deficit in the short-term. But equally certain are the consequences of doing too little or nothing at all, for that will lead to an even greater deficit of jobs, incomes, and confidence in our economy. It is true that we cannot depend on government alone to create jobs or long-term growth, but at this particular moment, only government can provide the short-term boost necessary to lift us from a recession this deep and severe. Only government can break the vicious cycles that are crippling our economy – where a lack of spending leads to lost jobs which leads to even less spending; where an inability to lend and borrow stops growth and leads to even less credit.
That is why we need to act boldly and act now to reverse these cycles. That’s why we need to put money in the pockets of the American people, create new jobs, and invest in our future. That’s why we need to re-start the flow of credit and restore the rules of the road that will ensure a crisis like this never happens again.
That work begins with this plan – a plan I am confident will save or create at least three million jobs over the next few years. It is not just another public works program. It’s a plan that recognizes both the paradox and the promise of this moment – the fact that there are millions of Americans trying to find work, even as, all around the country, there is so much work to be done. That’s why we’ll invest in priorities like energy and education; health care and a new infrastructure that are necessary to keep us strong and competitive in the 21st century. That’s why the overwhelming majority of the jobs created will be in the private sector, while our plan will save the public sector jobs of teachers, cops, firefighters and others who provide vital services.
To finally spark the creation of a clean energy economy, we will double the production of alternative energy in the next three years. We will modernize more than 75% of federal buildings and improve the energy efficiency of two million American homes, saving consumers and taxpayers billions on our energy bills. In the process, we will put Americans to work in new jobs that pay well and can’t be outsourced – jobs building solar panels and wind turbines; constructing fuel-efficient cars and buildings; and developing the new energy technologies that will lead to even more jobs, more savings, and a cleaner, safer planet in the bargain.
To improve the quality of our health care while lowering its cost, we will make the immediate investments necessary to ensure that within five years, all of America’s medical records are computerized. This will cut waste, eliminate red tape, and reduce the need to repeat expensive medical tests. But it just won’t save billions of dollars and thousands of jobs – it will save lives by reducing the deadly but preventable medical errors that pervade our health care system.
To give our children the chance to live out their dreams in a world that’s never been more competitive, we will equip tens of thousands of schools, community colleges, and public universities with 21st century classrooms, labs, and libraries. We’ll provide new computers, new technology, and new training for teachers so that students in Chicago and Boston can compete with kids in Beijing for the high-tech, high-wage jobs of the future.
To build an economy that can lead this future, we will begin to rebuild America. Yes, we’ll put people to work repairing crumbling roads, bridges, and schools by eliminating the backlog of well-planned, worthy and needed infrastructure projects. But we’ll also do more to retrofit America for a global economy. That means updating the way we get our electricity by starting to build a new smart grid that will save us money, protect our power sources from blackout or attack, and deliver clean, alternative forms of energy to every corner of our nation. It means expanding broadband lines across America, so that a small business in a rural town can connect and compete with their counterparts anywhere in the world. And it means investing in the science, research, and technology that will lead to new medical breakthroughs, new discoveries, and entire new industries.
Finally, this recovery and reinvestment plan will provide immediate relief to states, workers, and families who are bearing the brunt of this recession. To get people spending again, 95% of working families will receive a $1,000 tax cut – the first stage of a middle-class tax cut that I promised during the campaign and will include in our next budget. To help Americans who have lost their jobs and can’t find new ones, we’ll continue the bipartisan extensions of unemployment insurance and health care coverage to help them through this crisis. Government at every level will have to tighten its belt, but we’ll help struggling states avoid harmful budget cuts, as long as they take responsibility and use the money to maintain essential services like police, fire, education, and health care.
I understand that some might be skeptical of this plan. Our government has already spent a good deal of money, but we haven’t yet seen that translate into more jobs or higher incomes or renewed confidence in our economy. That’s why the American Recovery and Reinvestment Plan won’t just throw money at our problems – we’ll invest in what works. The true test of the policies we’ll pursue won’t be whether they’re Democratic or Republican ideas, but whether they create jobs, grow our economy, and put the American Dream within reach of the American people.
Instead of politicians doling out money behind a veil of secrecy, decisions about where we invest will be made transparently, and informed by independent experts wherever possible. Every American will be able to hold Washington accountable for these decisions by going online to see how and where their tax dollars are being spent. And as I announced yesterday, we will launch an unprecedented effort to eliminate unwise and unnecessary spending that has never been more unaffordable for our nation and our children’s future than it is right now.
We have to make tough choices and smart investments today so that as the economy recovers, the deficit starts to come down. We cannot have a solid recovery if our people and our businesses don’t have confidence that we’re getting our fiscal house in order. That’s why our goal is not to create a slew of new government programs, but a foundation for long-term economic growth.
That also means an economic recovery plan that is free from earmarks and pet projects. I understand that every member of Congress has ideas on how to spend money. Many of these projects are worthy, and benefit local communities. But this emergency legislation must not be the vehicle for those aspirations. This must be a time when leaders in both parties put the urgent needs of our nation above our own narrow interests.
Now, this recovery plan alone will not solve all the problems that led us into this crisis. We must also work with the same sense of urgency to stabilize and repair the financial system we all depend on. That means using our full arsenal of tools to get credit flowing again to families and business, while restoring confidence in our markets. It means launching a sweeping effort to address the foreclosure crisis so that we can keep responsible families in their homes. It means preventing the catastrophic failure of financial institutions whose collapse could endanger the entire economy, but only with maximum protections for taxpayers and a clear understanding that government support for any company is an extraordinary action that must come with significant restrictions on the firms that receive support. And it means reforming a weak and outdated regulatory system so that we can better withstand financial shocks and better protect consumers, investors, and businesses from the reckless greed and risk-taking that must never endanger our prosperity again.
No longer can we allow Wall Street wrongdoers to slip through regulatory cracks. No longer can we allow special interests to put their thumbs on the economic scales. No longer can we allow the unscrupulous lending and borrowing that leads only to destructive cycles of bubble and bust.
It is time to set a new course for this economy, and that change must begin now. We should have an open and honest discussion about this recovery plan in the days ahead, but I urge Congress to move as quickly as possible on behalf of the American people. For every day we wait or point fingers or drag our feet, more Americans will lose their jobs. More families will lose their savings. More dreams will be deferred and denied. And our nation will sink deeper into a crisis that, at some point, we may not be able to reverse.
That is not the country I know, and it is not a future I will accept as President of the United States. A world that depends on the strength of our economy is now watching and waiting for America to lead once more. And that is what we will do.
It will not come easy or happen overnight, and it is altogether likely that things may get worse before they get better. But that is all the more reason for Congress to act without delay. I know the scale of this plan is unprecedented, but so is the severity of our situation. We have already tried the wait-and-see approach to our problems, and it is the same approach that helped lead us to this day of reckoning.
That is why the time has come to build a 21st century economy in which hard work and responsibility are once again rewarded. That’s why I’m asking Congress to work with me and my team day and night, on weekends if necessary, to get the plan passed in the next few weeks. That’s why I’m calling on all Americans – Democrats and Republicans – to put good ideas ahead of the old ideological battles; a sense of common purpose above the same narrow partisanship; and insist that the first question each of us asks isn’t “What’s good for me?” but “What’s good for the country my children will inherit?”
More than any program or policy, it is this spirit that will enable us to confront this challenge with the same spirit that has led previous generations to face down war, depression, and fear itself. And if we do – if we are able to summon that spirit again; if are able to look out for one another, and listen to one another, and do our part for our nation and for posterity, then I have no doubt that years from now, we will look back on 2009 as one of those years that marked another new and hopeful beginning for the United States of America. Thank you, God Bless You, and may God Bless America.
This speech just shows how out of touch with reality This Man is. People are letting their mortgages go unpaid because they think He is going to pay instead of themselves. Note the bars, nightclubs, football stadiums, etc, are still full all the time, and people are still trying to kill themselves and neighbors with cigarettes. What recession?
Shut Up Puff!! We the people of America are behind you
all the way PEBO, americans stop being so devisive and let's get
this done already. God bless you BO.
Welcome back to the Commonwealth Mr. President.
when will he answer real questions instead of making teleprompted speeches?
I want to know what happened to Shurb Bush. Did he just quit. Oh wait a minute. That's a good thing!
"WHO IS JOHN GALT?"
"Does it really matter?" Atlas shrugged.
I want to know what Obama is going to do for those who just graduated and have no job, no experience and or have lost their jobs and decided to go back to school a long time ago.
Those people are millions in this country and do not qualify for a tax break or unemployment.
What is the solution for them in this economy?
IWhat a wecome relief to have a president that is articulate and smart.
We need to get behind him and at least give him a chance. We certainly can't do any worse then we have the past 8 years. Yes we know the republicans are wanting him to fail, but what happened to the country first mantra ?
The president elect lets us know...
This is not jsut Obama problem–It's every Americian problem.
Hubie Nelson Byhalia MS
It is such a breath of fresh air to hear a President (President elect), speak with openness, honesty and transparency. After the last 8 years, wherein our faith in government has been all but destroyed, I welcome the man who has the guts to tell it like it is no matter how bad it is. If we don't realize how bad it is, how in G..s name can we begin to correct it.
Yeah!!!!!! Keep it up!!!!
@ Puff at 11:28
For someone such as yourself, who is clearly a hapless victim of the "Liberal Media", you sure believe a lot of what it says.
Where is our idiot sitting president at???>????????
Is Obama president yet? Where is the president?
Well, well, well. What do we have here. Looks like the speech, huh? You know, today is the National Championship game and I'm gonna be honest with you. I don't care, I'm not struggling. I'm not here to question whether my boy is doing the right thing but I am here once he is sworn in, he will be judged and evaluated on everything he does. Heck, if his economic plan sounds good, heck, I'll get a job like I did before but I'm not struggling. Those tax cuts are enough to make us shut up, the job creation or savings of job pleases people because of comfort, etc. We are not here to say was up with our economy, we know, we are here whether people(not Congress) will change...is a team effort and if you are in the game, don't worry but my advice to you is you should...
Maybe when he's ACTUALLY PRESIDENT.
Until then we have this other guy as President. A guy who has done absolutely NOTHING for months. Pathetic.
Thank you, president elect. I am so proud of my vote for you!!
You have our support!!!!!
Hey Puff get a grip on reality, "Here he is begging and fear mongering," is something that Bush and his cronies were good at. What I saw in Obama's speech was something straightforward and what needs to be done!
If a MD tells you that you have stomach cancer instead of just telling you that you have a bellyache, isn't he being straightforward with you...or is he simply fear-mongering? If the MD tells you that you need to participate in the treatment in order to get better, is he "begging" or telling you what needs to be done in order to get well?
And the "people are on to you" generality is simply a minority group of people who can't get over the election and who won. The majority of Americans are on to Obama as finally a leader who will get us through this!
And as a native Chicagoan who has seen the dirty politics here, I can tell you that Obama is no where near the sleaze we see in the obvious few of our IL politicians.
When will you get your head out of your ars and really "listen"???
President elect Obama continues to deliver a message of hope with guided action. It is time for "... a new spirit of responsibility..." for all Americans.
AnaB–don't you remember? Obama won the election–time to stop trashing and blaming JM and SP. They can be targets of libs no longer!
Hey what happened to the $700 billion bail out/stimulus plan that was so desperately needed to spur the economy a couple of months ago? is this the same money or is this totally new? I can't help but think that the last emergency bailout was just stuffing the retirement funds of the outgoing government.
"A President once said, "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself". Now, we are suppose to be afraid. It's patriotic. In fact, it's color-coded. And, what are we suppose to be afaid of? Why, of being afraid. That' what terror means, doesn't it? That's what it used to mean."
– Randy Neman song commenting on the Bush regime.
So, it's rather ironic for conservatives to come on here and accuse Obama of fear mongering. Obama at least shows concern and a determination to fix things. He's already put more effort into fixing the ecnomy than Bush did in 8 years. I have my problmes with Obama. He can be too center for me. But, I am so gald he is going to be in the White House instead of a bunch of Republicans that care more about fake patriotism, big corperations, war, and leaving every man for himself.
I was a huge Clinton supporter and now 100% behind Obama. His speech was needed and not fear mongoring as some have said. Its the truth. I work in retail and we just cut our staff from 30 people to 8..People are not shopping and this situation is hurting everyone. The business I am in usually does better when things are tough, but not this time. Congress needs to get off thrie butts and do something. I agree...it may get worse....but we as a nation have to pull together. This crap that continues on blogs needs to stop. I do not hate McCain or Palin...and when we fall into these traps and call names it helps nothing. Time to grow up..get behind our next President and lets work as Americans, not republicans and democrats, to get our country back on track.
I believe President -Elect Obama has a new direction for getting us out of this Economic nightmare.........but will Congress work quickly to enact on this...............NO WAY! These folks on the Hill think they are GODS.
It is my hope that Congress wil move to re-align the tax rules to give us Americans tools to ease us back to some sense of financial stability. Let us deduct credit card interest like previous years, fuller deductions for college tuition, betters percentages for deductions of medical expenses and so on.
What exactly can President Obama do when Congress does not act swiftly in the right direction?