WASHINGTON (CNN) - House Speaker Nancy Pelosi signaled her willingness Thursday to consider a health care bill that lacks a government-run public health insurance option.
Pelosi has previously insisted the public option was necessary for House approval of a health care bill. Last month, the House passed its version of the sweeping health care measure that includes the public option.
However, Senate Democrats agreed this week on a tentative deal to drop the public option from their health care bill in order to ensure the measure can pass the chamber.
Under a proposed alternative, the Senate bill would permit private insurers to offer non-profit coverage overseen by the government and expand the Medicare program for senior citizens to allow people as young as 55 to buy in.
Pelosi, D-California, at her weekly news conference said she wants to get the Congressional Budget Office analysis of the Senate alternative before judging it, but she opened the door to a final bill without the public option.
"We in the House believe that the public option is the best way to keep insurance companies honest and also to increase competition," Pelosi said, adding: "If you have a better way, put it on the table."
With President Barack Obama supporting the Senate alternative, Pelosi's openness to consider it represents a potential major step toward eventual passage of a health care bill by Congress.
If the Senate eventually passes a health care bill, it would be merged with the House version by a conference committee. Both chambers would have to approve the final bill before it could be sent to Obama to be signed into law.
The House and Senate bills are "probably 75 percent compatible," Pelosi said, adding that a final merged bill could win approval from both chambers before Christmas if the Senate completes its work by the end of next week and a conference committee can meet over the weekend of December 19-20.
Liberal Democrats call the public option the only way to truly reform the health care system by ensuring people have access to affordable coverage and providing low-cost competition to private insurers.
Republicans and some moderate Democrats consider the public option an unnecessary federal intrusion in health care that could lead to an eventual government takeover of the system.
The House narrowly passed its health care bill last month, and the Senate is in the second week of debate on its version. Senate Democrats need all 60 votes in their caucus to overcome a Republican filibuster to pass the bill, and some senators in the Democratic caucus have rejected the public option.
Democratic sources said the Senate deal reached Tuesday night includes proposals to replace the public option by creating a not-for-profit private insurance option overseen by the Office of Personnel Management, much like the current health plan for federal workers, along with the Medicare expansion.
A Democratic source with knowledge of the deal said the alternative also includes a "trigger" mechanism that would create a public option in the future if the non-profit private alternatives fail to effectively expand coverage and bring down costs. However, the source said the trigger provision was tentative for now, based on whether moderates opposed to a public option would accept it.
Pelosi said he had yet to see details of the Senate plan. She listed essential elements for passing a health care bill, including making coverage more affordable for middle-class Americans, sustaining the solvency of the Medicare program for senior citizens while eliminating a gap in their prescription drug coverage, no deficit increase and holding insurance companies accountable.
"What I have said, as I've always said to my members, give the Senate room," Pelosi said, adding, "We will know a great deal more when the paper comes back from the Congressional Budget Office. But seeing their bill and our bill, I know one thing for sure - we'll have a great bill when we put them together."
In particular, the idea of expanding Medicare to those 55 and older was appealing, Pelosi told reporters after the briefing.
Obama said Wednesday that the Senate agreement created "a new framework that I believe will help pave the way for final passage" of what he called historic health care reform legislation.
"I support this effort, especially since it's aimed at increasing choice and competition and lowering cost," Obama said.
However, the American Medical Association and American Hospital Association both told CNN Wednesday they oppose the Medicare expansion provision in the Senate package.
"We are extremely concerned about the approach because it removes people from the private sector and puts them in government care, which is chronically underfunded," said Alicia Mitchell, a spokeswoman for the hospital association.
In addition, two moderate Democratic senators who took part in the talks said the package must first be analyzed by the CBO before anyone can claim a final agreement.
"There is not specific compromise. Those were discussions," Sen. Mary Landrieu, D-Louisiana, told reporters.
Some liberals also had reservations. Sen. Russ Feingold of Wisconsin, one of 10 Democratic senators involved in talks on the deal, said he had concerns about the lack of a public option to ensure affordable coverage for those younger than 55 and therefore ineligible for the Medicare expansion.
Two senators who oppose a public option, moderate Republican Sen. Olympia Snowe of Maine and independent Sen. Joe Lieberman of Connecticut, said they were open to the non-profit private alternative in the deal.
"It can be an innovative approach," said Snowe, considered perhaps the lone GOP senator who might support the health care bill. "I just would need to understand more about how it would work."
Lieberman, a member of the Democratic caucus who has said he would join a Republican filibuster if the health care bill contained a public option, called the alternative "an idea worth considering, so long as it remains private insurance companies that would be essentially regulated by OPM."
However, Lieberman and Snowe expressed concern over the idea of allowing Americans 55 or older to buy into Medicare.
"I want to make sure we're not adding a big additional burden to the Medicare program, which we need to figure out how to save, because it's going bankrupt," Lieberman said.
Updated: 3:40 p.m.
–CNN's Dana Bash contributed to this story.