UPDATED 4:45 p.m. ET with new HIV, Hepatitis, STD, TB prevention figure (below).
Capitol Hill (CNN) – This is not a simple deal, folks, but here is a first bottom-line American Sauce take at the cuts and some of the policy in this budget proposal. (The one funding government through September.)
Note, there is still some significant confusion about a few of the biggest numbers. Meaning, confusion within government itself. So read carefully.
Read the bill: here.
Listen to our American Sauce, "what is going on?" podcast on the budget deal here. Or keep reading for what others might miss as well as the biggest cuts and biggest budget increases in the deal.
Total Spending Cuts: nearly $40 billion in cuts over current spending for the year.
This Spending Deal: Nearly $28 billion in cuts.
Previous Cuts: $12 billion in previous short-term deals. ($4 billion, $6 billion and $2 billion.)
Highlights – Three Things Others Might Miss
1. Border security cut – The bill cuts $226 million from the border fence program. Critics call that program a boondoggle, but supporters insist secure fencing is needed.
2. New climate office eliminated – This budget deal would eliminate NOAA's "Climate Service" office, which would coordinate several current climate programs in one place. Some (opponents and critics) saw it as a something that could become government's one prominent climate change/climate science division. This bill eliminates it entirely.
3. Many "cuts" are not really cuts. Some simply reclaim surpluses (as with WIC funding). Some were always intended as one-time spending last year (FY2010) and no one expected the funding this year (as with the dairy subsidies).
Some of the The Biggest Cuts, in order of cut size.
(Immediate spending cuts for the rest of the fiscal year, through September. All relative to current spending.)
- Dept. of Defense Construction: Cut $6.2 billion. (Note, below, DoD overall got a spending increase.)
- Census: Cut $6.2 billion. (Note, this figure is from GOP appropriators. The Census Bureau says it has a different understanding. I am off/on phone with Dept. of Commerce to sort out.)
- High-Speed Rail Construction: Cut $2.9 billion. (Bill says the budget is cut to $0.)
- *Update* – HIV, Hepatitis, STD, TB prevention: *NO* cut to this program specifically. American Sauce confirmed the initial Republican document showing a $1.045 billion was actually a typo. Yes. A billion-dollar typo.
- Clean Drinking Water fund for states: Cut $997 million.
- Community Development Fund: Cut $942 million.
- General Gov. Construction: Cut $812 million, from the Gen. Services Admin. budget.
- FEMA: Cut $786 million from first responders grants.
- Dept. of Defense Environmental Clean Up: Cut $638 million.
- WIC food program for infants and mothers: Cut $504 million. (BUT much if not all of that is expected surplus.)
- Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy program: Cut $438 million.
- State/Local Law Enforcement assistance: Cut $415 million.
- United Nations: US is cutting its contribution to the U.N. $377 million.
- Dairy Subsidies: Cut $350 million. (BUT, that's not a real cut. This is one-time money allocated in 2010 and never intended to be spent in 2011. No farmers expected this money.)
- Border Security: Cut $226 million for border fencing and technology.
- Striving Readers Program: Cut $250 million.
- Foreign Aid – Economic Support Program: Cut $205 million.
- Juvenile Justice Programs: Cut $148 million.
- Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal: Cut $98 million
No Cuts or Barely Any Cuts (relatively)
- Title X Family Planning: Cut $17 million.
- Corporation for Public Broadcasting: No cuts in current funding.
- International Trade Administration – Administrative Budget: Cut $5 million (Pres. Obama originally proposed cut of $93 million.)
Biggest Spending Increases
- Department of Defense: Increase of about $5 billion.
- Veterans Affairs: Increase of $600 million.