December 10th, 2013
08:09 AM ET
8 months ago

Transcript: Obama's speech at Nelson Mandela service

(CNN) - At Nelson Mandela's memorial service Tuesday, President Barack Obama said the icon's death should prompt a time for self-reflection.

"With honesty, regardless of our station or our circumstance, we must ask: how well have I applied his lessons in my own life?" Obama said. "It is a question I ask myself - as a man and as a president. We know that like South Africa, the United States had to overcome centuries of racial subjugation. As was true here, it took sacrifice - the sacrifices of countless people - known and unknown - to see the dawn of a new day."

Read his full speech:

"To Graça Machel and the Mandela family; to President Zuma and members of the government; to heads of states and government, past and present; distinguished guests - it is a singular honor to be with you today, to celebrate a life like no other. To the people of South Africa - (applause) - people of every race and walk of life - the world thanks you for sharing Nelson Mandela with us. His struggle was your struggle. His triumph was your triumph. Your dignity and your hope found expression in his life. And your freedom, your democracy is his cherished legacy.

It is hard to eulogize any man - to capture in words not just the facts and the dates that make a life, but the essential truth of a person - their private joys and sorrows; the quiet moments and unique qualities that illuminate someone’s soul. How much harder to do so for a giant of history, who moved a nation toward justice, and in the process moved billions around the world.

Born during World War I, far from the corridors of power, a boy raised herding cattle and tutored by the elders of his Thembu tribe, Madiba would emerge as the last great liberator of the 20th century. Like Gandhi, he would lead a resistance movement - a movement that at its start had little prospect for success. Like Dr. King, he would give potent voice to the claims of the oppressed and the moral necessity of racial justice. He would endure a brutal imprisonment that began in the time of Kennedy and Khrushchev, and reached the final days of the Cold War. Emerging from prison, without the force of arms, he would - like Abraham Lincoln - hold his country together when it threatened to break apart. And like America’s Founding Fathers, he would erect a constitutional order to preserve freedom for future generations - a commitment to democracy and rule of law ratified not only by his election, but by his willingness to step down from power after only one term.

Given the sweep of his life, the scope of his accomplishments, the adoration that he so rightly earned, it’s tempting I think to remember Nelson Mandela as an icon, smiling and serene, detached from the tawdry affairs of lesser men. But Madiba himself strongly resisted such a lifeless portrait. (Applause.) Instead, Madiba insisted on sharing with us his doubts and his fears; his miscalculations along with his victories. “I am not a saint,” he said, “unless you think of a saint as a sinner who keeps on trying.”

It was precisely because he could admit to imperfection - because he could be so full of good humor, even mischief, despite the heavy burdens he carried - that we loved him so. He was not a bust made of marble; he was a man of flesh and blood - a son and a husband, a father and a friend. And that’s why we learned so much from him, and that’s why we can learn from him still. For nothing he achieved was inevitable. In the arc of his life, we see a man who earned his place in history through struggle and shrewdness, and persistence and faith. He tells us what is possible not just in the pages of history books, but in our own lives as well.

Mandela showed us the power of action; of taking risks on behalf of our ideals. Perhaps Madiba was right that he inherited, “a proud rebelliousness, a stubborn sense of fairness” from his father. And we know he shared with millions of black and colored South Africans the anger born of, “a thousand slights, a thousand indignities, a thousand unremembered moments…a desire to fight the system that imprisoned my people,” he said.

But like other early giants of the ANC - the Sisulus and Tambos - Madiba disciplined his anger and channeled his desire to fight into organization, and platforms, and strategies for action, so men and women could stand up for their God-given dignity. Moreover, he accepted the consequences of his actions, knowing that standing up to powerful interests and injustice carries a price. “I have fought against white domination and I have fought against black domination. I’ve cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and [with] equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”

Mandela taught us the power of action, but he also taught us the power of ideas; the importance of reason and arguments; the need to study not only those who you agree with, but also those who you don’t agree with. He understood that ideas cannot be contained by prison walls, or extinguished by a sniper’s bullet. He turned his trial into an indictment of apartheid because of his eloquence and his passion, but also because of his training as an advocate. He used decades in prison to sharpen his arguments, but also to spread his thirst for knowledge to others in the movement. And he learned the language and the customs of his oppressor so that one day he might better convey to them how their own freedom depend upon his.

Mandela demonstrated that action and ideas are not enough. No matter how right, they must be chiseled into law and institutions. He was practical, testing his beliefs against the hard surface of circumstance and history. On core principles he was unyielding, which is why he could rebuff offers of unconditional release, reminding the Apartheid regime that “prisoners cannot enter into contracts.”

But as he showed in painstaking negotiations to transfer power and draft new laws, he was not afraid to compromise for the sake of a larger goal. And because he was not only a leader of a movement but a skillful politician, the Constitution that emerged was worthy of this multiracial democracy, true to his vision of laws that protect minority as well as majority rights, and the precious freedoms of every South African.

And finally, Mandela understood the ties that bind the human spirit. There is a word in South Africa - Ubuntu - (applause) - a word that captures Mandela’s greatest gift: his recognition that we are all bound together in ways that are invisible to the eye; that there is a oneness to humanity; that we achieve ourselves by sharing ourselves with others, and caring for those around us.

We can never know how much of this sense was innate in him, or how much was shaped in a dark and solitary cell. But we remember the gestures, large and small - introducing his jailers as honored guests at his inauguration; taking a pitch in a Springbok uniform; turning his family’s heartbreak into a call to confront HIV/AIDS - that revealed the depth of his empathy and his understanding. He not only embodied Ubuntu, he taught millions to find that truth within themselves.

It took a man like Madiba to free not just the prisoner, but the jailer as well - (applause) - to show that you must trust others so that they may trust you; to teach that reconciliation is not a matter of ignoring a cruel past, but a means of confronting it with inclusion and generosity and truth. He changed laws, but he also changed hearts.

For the people of South Africa, for those he inspired around the globe, Madiba’s passing is rightly a time of mourning, and a time to celebrate a heroic life. But I believe it should also prompt in each of us a time for self-reflection. With honesty, regardless of our station or our circumstance, we must ask: How well have I applied his lessons in my own life? It’s a question I ask myself, as a man and as a President.

We know that, like South Africa, the United States had to overcome centuries of racial subjugation. As was true here, it took sacrifice - the sacrifice of countless people, known and unknown, to see the dawn of a new day. Michelle and I are beneficiaries of that struggle. (Applause.) But in America, and in South Africa, and in countries all around the globe, we cannot allow our progress to cloud the fact that our work is not yet done.

The struggles that follow the victory of formal equality or universal franchise may not be as filled with drama and moral clarity as those that came before, but they are no less important. For around the world today, we still see children suffering from hunger and disease. We still see run-down schools. We still see young people without prospects for the future. Around the world today, men and women are still imprisoned for their political beliefs, and are still persecuted for what they look like, and how they worship, and who they love. That is happening today.

And so we, too, must act on behalf of justice. We, too, must act on behalf of peace. There are too many people who happily embrace Madiba’s legacy of racial reconciliation, but passionately resist even modest reforms that would challenge chronic poverty and growing inequality. There are too many leaders who claim solidarity with Madiba’s struggle for freedom, but do not tolerate dissent from their own people. (Applause.) And there are too many of us on the sidelines, comfortable in complacency or cynicism when our voices must be heard.

The questions we face today - how to promote equality and justice; how to uphold freedom and human rights; how to end conflict and sectarian war - these things do not have easy answers. But there were no easy answers in front of that child born in World War I. Nelson Mandela reminds us that it always seems impossible until it is done. South Africa shows that is true. South Africa shows we can change, that we can choose a world defined not by our differences, but by our common hopes. We can choose a world defined not by conflict, but by peace and justice and opportunity.

We will never see the likes of Nelson Mandela again. But let me say to the young people of Africa and the young people around the world - you, too, can make his life’s work your own. Over 30 years ago, while still a student, I learned of Nelson Mandela and the struggles taking place in this beautiful land, and it stirred something in me. It woke me up to my responsibilities to others and to myself, and it set me on an improbable journey that finds me here today. And while I will always fall short of Madiba’s example, he makes me want to be a better man. (Applause.) He speaks to what’s best inside us.

After this great liberator is laid to rest, and when we have returned to our cities and villages and rejoined our daily routines, let us search for his strength. Let us search for his largeness of spirit somewhere inside of ourselves. And when the night grows dark, when injustice weighs heavy on our hearts, when our best-laid plans seem beyond our reach, let us think of Madiba and the words that brought him comfort within the four walls of his cell: “It matters not how strait the gate, how charged with punishments the scroll, I am the master of my fate: I am the captain of my soul.”

What a magnificent soul it was. We will miss him deeply. May God bless the memory of Nelson Mandela. May God bless the people of South Africa."


Filed under: Nelson Mandela • President Obama • South Africa
soundoff (27 Responses)
  1. Gurgyl

    This president is a great president in USA history, regardless of tea troll, GOP cult formation in 21st century.

    December 10, 2013 08:16 am at 8:16 am |
  2. Rudy NYC

    Anyone in the right wing caught embracing the concept of Ubuntu would be demonized as unpure. Selflessness has no home in the right wing. Individualism, the polar opposite of Ubuntu, is the rule on the right. Compassionate conservativism is dead and gone.

    December 10, 2013 08:29 am at 8:29 am |
  3. Dominican mama 4 Obama

    that there is a oneness to humanity; that we achieve ourselves by sharing ourselves with others, and caring for those around us.
    “It matters not how strait the gate, how charged with punishments the scroll, I am the master of my fate: I am the captain of my soul.”
    ------------------------------------------------
    YES.
    Powerful speech and tribute to Tata by our President.

    December 10, 2013 08:30 am at 8:30 am |
  4. Dominican mama 4 Obama

    The crowd went WILD when he was introduced!!!!!
    Our President Barack Hussein Obama delivered a beautiful and heartfelt speech worthy of the beautiful people of South Africa and a fitting tribute to Nelson Mandela.

    December 10, 2013 08:52 am at 8:52 am |
  5. robert

    ah .....what's his name ah.... scroll the prompter ah.... it's great to be in ah... where am i? oh ya thats right my home country.

    December 10, 2013 09:03 am at 9:03 am |
  6. Citizenatlarge1

    Mr. Nelson Mandela showed the world what poise, humanity and integrity meant to the healing of a Nation. If only we were as fortunate to have a leader such as he. Alas, we elect the first black President in the United States, and discover that he is just another politician who only gives targeted lip service to racial issues instead of honestly and equitably dealing with them.
    History will say Mr. Mandela was a giant among men. We have yet to see what history may say about President Obama other than, he was a polished speaker.

    December 10, 2013 09:08 am at 9:08 am |
  7. Nicole

    What an amazing speech!

    December 10, 2013 09:09 am at 9:09 am |
  8. jvburrows

    I love all the people on here who refuse to see what goes on in the world and only listens to the media of "People" magazine and "Us" weekly.

    Have you not read the speech? He spoke about those imprisoned for beliefs. He himself has imprisoned those who speak against him, and even those who didn't but he needed to cover something up. Remember the famous video he and his staff spoke about in regards to Benghazi? He imprisoned a man and he is still in prison now and never did anything. What about in equality? He makes millions and spends the most on travel and vacations of any prez in US History. His own wife has 26 assistants, the most of any 1st lady. They are kings, we are all true peasants in there eyes, and they speak of inequality to get you to vote there way.

    Think hard about your news source. Im not saying turn on a GOP source, but find an independent source that isn't completely controlled by the one you are worshipping.

    December 10, 2013 09:13 am at 9:13 am |
  9. pitt04

    Obama is so humble.

    December 10, 2013 09:15 am at 9:15 am |
  10. robb

    Obama can schmooze with anyone

    December 10, 2013 09:17 am at 9:17 am |
  11. Di from Colorado

    I really wish Obama would just stay there. Never come back here. That's all I want for Christmas!

    December 10, 2013 09:17 am at 9:17 am |
  12. Dominican mama 4 Obama

    Compassionate conservativism is dead and gone.
    -------------------------------------------------
    It is in fact petrified, that's how long it's been gone Rudy.
    Ubuntu is kryptonite to the current Republican Party. They must stay as far away from that concept as possible.

    December 10, 2013 09:30 am at 9:30 am |
  13. Evergreen

    Wonderful speech Mr. President.

    December 10, 2013 09:40 am at 9:40 am |
  14. Tampa Tim

    There will come a time when even republicans will hate what they have become.

    December 10, 2013 09:47 am at 9:47 am |
  15. Tampa Tim

    jv – Right wing delusion and hate is losing the vast majority of Americans. One day you will wake up, and realize you were wrong.

    December 10, 2013 09:52 am at 9:52 am |
  16. Dominican mama 4 Obama

    Mr. Nelson Mandela showed the world what poise, humanity and integrity meant to the healing of a Nation. If only we were as fortunate to have a leader such as he
    -------------------------------------------------
    Uh-huh, because setting out to obstruct, derail, demean, and disrespect one good leader just wasn't enough for you.
    Yeah...I don't think so.

    December 10, 2013 09:56 am at 9:56 am |
  17. Malory Archer

    Di from Colorado

    I really wish Obama would just stay there. Never come back here. That's all I want for Christmas!

    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

    Sorry babe, you're stuck with him for another 3 years, 42 days. Deal with it.

    December 10, 2013 09:59 am at 9:59 am |
  18. Malory Archer

    Tampa Tim

    There will come a time when even republicans will hate what they have become.

    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

    They'll just blame President Obama, the Dems and the "librul" media (whatever that is).

    December 10, 2013 10:00 am at 10:00 am |
  19. Almeda Nelson

    The president Was just Awesome. couldn't know one ele's Said It any Better.

    December 10, 2013 10:00 am at 10:00 am |
  20. Name

    it's hard for me to know that he's gone,but no one lives forever.Amen

    December 10, 2013 10:01 am at 10:01 am |
  21. Destiny Smallwood

    President Obama gave a speech worthy of the life, legacy & remembrance of Nelson Mandela. I truly believe his words was felt by the entire nation. Great Words in honor of a Great Man, RIP Nelson Mandela, father of a Nation.

    December 10, 2013 10:15 am at 10:15 am |
  22. Anonymous

    In the end, we are all human beings; we all have the desire for life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; and we should all detest the thought of these inalienable rights being taken away from anyone, no matter what race or religion they are belong to. For this reason, we thank Nelson Mandela for his gift to the world.

    December 10, 2013 10:33 am at 10:33 am |
  23. nichole

    So proud of our President....He was fantastic!!!

    December 10, 2013 10:36 am at 10:36 am |
  24. Pdaddy

    I guess if Obama was white.....his speech would be perfect. Y'all need to stop hating in the name of Mandela. Ubuntu dam it!

    December 10, 2013 10:39 am at 10:39 am |
  25. pokey5735

    "It woke me up to my responsibilities to others and to myself"? Really? When has he taken responsibility for anything???

    December 10, 2013 10:53 am at 10:53 am |
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