Updated 2:46 p.m. ET, 2/27/2014
Washington (CNN) – The Tea Party Patriots, one of the largest groups in the grassroots conservative movement, hosted a fifth anniversary celebration Thursday in the nation's capital, marking five years of change in the country's political climate.
With a string of speakers, the event focused on the movement’s milestones, such as the 2010 takeover of the House of Representatives and the re-energizing effect the tea party had on right-leaning political activists.
A push for broad appeal
Many speakers also hit back against the charge that the tea party has racist elements - a charge that has been consistently and vehemently denied by activists in the movement.
Conservative firebrand Sen. Rand Paul of Kentucky warned the crowd that the tea party movement needs to be more inclusive and steer away from incendiary rhetoric about President Barack Obama – a nod to recent comments by gun rights activist, rocker, and tea party favorite Ted Nugent, who recently called Obama a "subhuman mongrel," sparking outrage and calls for Republicans to distance themselves from controversial figure.
"There are times, and I don't think it's our movement, but there are times when people are using language that shouldn't be used. I recently criticized someone for using some of that language and I'm not going to bring it up but I will say that we can disagree with the President without calling him names," Paul said. "There are people out in the public who are taking away from our message. Let's try not to be part of that."
"If we want a bigger crowd and we want to win politically, our message has to be a happy message, one of optimism, one of inclusiveness, one of growth," Paul added.
The tea party goal
Paul's speech focused largely on limiting the size of government and reining in federal spending. Paul said government spending is on autopilot, as evident by October's partial government shutdown, where only a fraction of government function was halted and spending continued automatically.
Sen. Ted Cruz, whose attempt to block parts of the President's sweeping healthcare law was the catalyst to the government shutdown, said millions of Americans, including Democrats, are fed up with Obamacare.
"We are making the case for the American people and let me tell you I'm absolutely convinced we are going to repeal every single word of Obamacare," Cruz said to applause.
Cruz, elected to the Senate in 2012 with broad tea party support, has drawn criticism from fellow Republicans for bucking leaders in his own party.
Cruz praised Paul's filibuster last year demanding more information from the Obama administration on the use of drones. The Texas senator also pointed to gun rights advocates' win over legislation pushing background checks on firearm sales, which failed to move forward in the Senate last April.
"That was ya'lls victory, it was the power of the grassroots," he said. "Liberty is never safer than when politicians are terrified."
Sen. Mike Lee of Utah, another senator elected in 2010 with strong tea party support, said the movement is at a pivotal moment with an opportunity to push a more conservative agenda.
"As citizens, we have certain rights that are ours. Certain rights that we were born with as American citizens - the right to live under a limited-purpose national government; one that recognizes your right to privacy; one that recognizes your right to have most of the governing done at the state and the local level; one that recognizes the right not to live under and emperor who thinks he has every power to legislate under the sun," Lee said.
Lee also suggested the tea party movement should capitalize on the changing political landscape within the GOP.
"The size of the hole in the Republican Party is, I believe, exactly the size and the shape of a conservative reform agenda."
The tea party’s evolution
"What you did for America is stellar," Rep. Michele Bachmann told the audience. "It was life changing to the life blood of this nation, because you and the movement that we represent took the gavel out of Nancy Pelosi's hand...You did that."
Bachmann rose to fame during the birth of the tea party and launched a 2012 presidential bid with wide support from the movement, winning the closely-watched Iowa straw poll in August 2011.
After a disappointing sixth place finish in the Iowa caucuses five months later, the Minnesota congresswoman dropped out of the race for the GOP nomination. And last year, she announced she would not be seeking re-election this November.
Most activists in the grassroots movement called for less federal taxes and spending; a curtailment of some federal powers in the areas they believe are the sovereign domain of state and local governments; and of course opposition to the large federal programs such as the bailouts and the stimulus, as well as Obamacare and the Wall Street and banking reforms, which were both passed in 2010.
The tea party movement instantly gave energy to the Republican Party, which lost the White House and lost more seats in both the House and the Senate in the 2008 elections. That energy was witnessed at large tea party rallies throughout 2009 and 2010, as well as the noisy opposition to Obamacare at congressional town halls during the August 2009 break.
The movement is credited with helping Republicans take sweeping victories in the 2010 midterm elections, when the GOP, thanks to a 63 seat pick up, regained control of the House, and narrowed the Democrats' majority in the Senate. And the movement is also credited with pushing the party, and the lawmakers it elected to Congress, further to the right.
Fighting back against the critics
One prominent theme among the speeches Thursday was a pushback against critics who insist the tea party movement is racist.
The NAACP in 2009 passed a resolution condemning what it characterized as rampant racism in the grassroots conservative movement. The NAACP claimed that conservative activists had engaged in racist behavior, for example, by waving signs containing symbols or slogans demeaning to African-Americans and President Obama, in particular.
Also, the NAACP claimed that tea party supporters think issues of importance to African-Americans get too much attention.
Last October, Rep. Alan Grayson, D-Florida, used an image of a burning cross in an email to supporters that compared the tea party movement to the Ku Klux Klan.
High-profile tea party supporters have long argued against the notion that their movement has racist elements.
Keli Carender, a tea party activist, said her “biggest surprise” about her involvement with the movement were the charges of racism.
“I have never been called a racist in my life before because I am not,” she said in a short speech.
“My parents marched for civil rights and they are tea partyers and so they were dumbfounded. They were like, huh? How can we be these horrible people that they are saying that we are – and that it stuck. We have to work so hard to overcome that.”
Rep. Raúl Labrador, R-Idaho, was elected in the 2010 tea party wave that helped Republicans take back the House. He joked that “the tea party patriots are so racist, they decided that they wanted a Puerto Rican Mormon to be their congressman” – a reference to himself.
Others took a more serious approach. Jeffrey Lord, a contributing editor to the American Spectator, turned the tables on the left, saying they’re the ones with a racist history.
“These are people with a long and wretched political history of depending on any and every scheme imaginable then and now that judges their fellow Americans by their skin color,” he said. “And they have the nerve to call the tea party racists? It is more than past time to call them out (applause) and tell the party of slavery, segregation, lynching, the Ku Klux Klan (and) racial quotas to quit judging their fellow Americans by skin color.”
K. Carl Smith, an African-American and founder of the Frederick Douglass Republicans, works with members of his party on minority outreach. As the GOP works to diversify its base, Smith offered advice on how to spread the core principles of the party.
“We must make Frederick Douglas an integral part of the conservative message,” he said. “If not, we're doomed for failure.”
How the tea party started
The first tea party protests broke out in February 2009, as the new President campaigned for the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 law, better known by most Americans as the Recovery Act or the stimulus.
The stimulus was the first major bill pushed by Obama as he took over in the White House, and he signed the measure into law just a few weeks into his presidency. The law was designed to respond to the severe recession and skyrocketing unemployment, which the President inherited, by saving and creating jobs by pumping money into the economy. The original price tag of the measure was $787 billion, which was later revised upward to around $830 billion.
2009: Tea party activists rally at U.S. Capitol
The stimulus, along with the Wall Street and auto bailouts implemented a few months earlier under President George W. Bush, are largely credited with sparking the creation of the tea party movement. Credit also goes to CNBC anchor Rick Santelli, whose rant on live television five years ago against the various federal programs, including a move to use taxpayer dollars to help those facing home foreclosure to keep their homes, helped energize activists.
"President Obama, are you listening?" Santelli exclaimed.
While it was successful in the House in 2010, the failure of the GOP to recapture the Senate in 2010, and again in 2012, was partially blamed on GOP candidates with tea party support that were deemed too controversial or conservative for the general election electorate.
And the tea party movement's influence in the 2012 Republican presidential nomination was also questioned, as the more conservative candidates such as Bachmann, Newt Gingrich, and Rick Santorum, lost out to Mitt Romney, who did not enjoy widespread support from grassroots activists.
Rep. Louie Gohmert, a conservative from Texas, said the tea party movement arose from the "doom and gloom" of the economic recovery acts of the early years of Obama's presidency.
"Republicans didn't appreciate the majority that they were given by the tea parties in 2012 and we nominated a wonderful man, not because he was the best candidate but because it was his turn," Gohmert said of Romney. "We've got to restructure the playing field that we're playing on."
But those wishing to write the movement's obituary would be mistaken. Tea party backed lawmakers pushed House Republicans to help shutdown the federal government last fall in a battle over funding the health care law. And this year, six of the 12 GOP senators up for re-election face primary challenges from the right.
"We have a very real, real opportunity to throw the sand in the ears and stop it and take the gavel out of Harry Reid's hand this November," Bachmann said. "Let's not blow it."
Tea party movement activists and supporters make up around two-fifths of the GOP, according to a new CBS News/New York Times poll. The survey also indicates that they want more ideological purity when it comes to Republican candidates. Half of tea party supporters questioned in the poll say their party's candidates are not conservative enough. Only 39% of non-tea party Republicans feel the same way.
As for Democrats, two-thirds questioned say their candidates are about right when it comes to ideology.
Majority of TeaBillies are KKK. A few are just anti-government, but most are racist John Birchers/KKK.
5 years of these racist idiots pretending that they're about relieving a tax burden (lowest in decades) or for smaller government (largest cuts in decades) while doing everything to stop progress in this nation.
Over these 5 years there was so much hate and stupidity in these people .. I hope they go away for the sake of this country.
2014 will see the return of the TEA Party as never before. If the Democrats think they can use the IRS to attack, intimidate and suppress them, they are going to get a real lesson this November. Now that the subversive tactics of the Democrats have been exposed, people are PO'd and ready to remove as many Democrats from office as possible. Or country's future depends on it.
"I'm happy to be at work today while they celebrate the 5th anniversary of trying to take our country back to the 1950's."
I disagree, mama... If they truly wanted to take us back to the 1950's when we actually had progressive tax system and businesses understood their part in society (before they became so utterly obsessed with their own bottom line and greed)- when they didn't expect to make 400 x's what their lowest paid employee(s) made. When one parent could work and still make enough money for the other to stay home with the children. If those were their goals I would join them tomorrow.
Instead they turn this on it's head and blame the Government (well, Obama anyway). Taxes are the lowest they have been in 50 years, yet this is their mantra (Taxed Enough Already!).... if that were true, then this group would have been formed long before President Obama took over, but as Madison pointed out- 'coincidently' this party who complains about 'taxes', all of the sudden forms when President Obama begins running for President. Now I don't know what rebel flags have to to do with taxes or what President Obama's long form birth certificate has to do with taxes or what Benghazi has to do with taxes (other than the lack of adequate tax revenues cutting deeply into their security budgets), but this seems to be the game they want to play.
The actual Boston Tea Party was not about taxes, rather it was about taxation without representation. The tea baggers of today have representation they apparently just don't like it (I know how they feel after 12 years of republicant control, but I kept plugging away, I didn't threaten to exercise my second amendment 'solution'). But after 12 years of republicant control under basically the same tax system- no tea baggers, then Obama runs – POOF- tea baggers.
It cannot be, and is not, about taxes.
The only thing have in common with the original Tea Party is the dressing up in costumes. Other than that (and maybe some public drunkeness) their is no semblence....
The Tea Party likes to moan and groan about taxes they are paying but are the first ones for handouts when disaster strikes. If Michele Bachmann is their spokesperson I have pity for them all!!!!!!!!!! Also Cruz and Paul–nothing more to be said.......
The attack on the tea party has been investigated and not found to be true. Get your story straight girl!!!!!!
@Tom l-I read DMFO and she said she felt uncomfortable when she passed by a rally. I would like to know why. What do you mean that there was something in the air that didn't include all Americans? At the rallies that I went to back in LA they were kind, decent people (and I know you're not gonna believe this but they weren't all white, either).
Fear and prejudice, there is no difference in what she did and when a white person crosses the road to avoid walking by a black person.
And where is your evidence to support your theory.
Martha in CF
The attack on the tea party has been investigated and not found to be true. Get your story straight girl!!!!!!
More lies from the left. Several investigations are still ongoing, including an FBI investigation. Lois Lerner took the 5th. Why is that if nothing was going on. Democrats want to declare this over when it is just getting started. They are obviously trying to conceal their illegal activities.
"Their websites speak of what they are trying to accomplish. Nowhere does it name religion. Nowhere does it mention social issues. The website tells what they are all about and the goal of a website is to tell people all about your organization and attract as many people as possible. Why wouldn't they include those issues if they truly were part of their platform?"
A website, tom? Versus what folks have been seeing with their own eyes; experiencing in their own lives; witnessing what has been happening in Congress since this "grassroots" organization first formed?
It is these life experiences folks bring to the voting booth. ALL ages; ALL demographics.
the failure of the GOP to recapture the Senate in 2010, and again in 2012, was partially blamed on GOP candidates with tea party support that were deemed too controversial or conservative for the general election electorate.
I remember their first couple of rallies including their first big one in DC.
They were carrying placards stating that they wanted lower taxes, meanwhile taxes were the lowest they'd beenin decades.
I don't like to use the "S" words, but these people come across as both stupid and scary.
Extremism in either Party is counterproductive and anti-American.
"The Dems are funded by George Soros, Unions, and the Hollywood Left." You would be shocked to find how unimportant these people are to the Democratic Party. Please go on attacking Soros because it is hilarious. Come on, you don't really believe that, do you? Good God. Are you a high school kid?
What are you in denial of your hypocrisy.
Five years of hatred and divisiveness.....is that really something to celebrate?
The TP is the anti-Obama party and they will die when he leaves office. I doubt even electing Hillary can keep them motivated enough to stick around.
The Teaparty IS NOT only 5 yrs. old.
Google it – It's the JOHN BRITCH SOCIETY, from the 1950's.
They were too EXTREME then too, and only seem to get attention when there is economic down turn, like vultures they prey on the suffering of the uneducated, and poor,
They get NO attention when our nation economy is strong, appearing ONLY after economic down turns to complain that it's the have nots that are the problem.
Independent voter- fed up with the EXTREME'S in the GOP!
Here's to many more years! Keep it up Tea Party.
And where is your evidence to support your theory.
Well on my planet there have been a number of Tea Party rallies in DC and elsewhere. The photos of the signs and poster were horrible and racist. I will not repeat what they said but it is easy to use The Google on The Internet to find it. Saying "oh, yeah?" to everything you don't like hearing is getting old.
I'm not sure what the Tea Party stands for. Looks like a bunch of white people whining about poor people subsidies while not mentioning the billions in corporate give-aways for the sake of jobs that never develop. You know, kinda like the GOP.
The tea party has done alot of damage to the Country, maybe some damage to the republican party also. They could do alot more damage, even kill capitalism, or the economy. It's probably not the 1st time that a political movement did such damage, it's a price to pay from a group that has extreme views, does not understand major economic issues, takes advantage of the easily duped. It's comical, somewhat, to listen to them, it's hard to imagine that some could be so backwards in 2014, sort of like time traveling, going back, way back. I guess that's the typical make up of any large Country, you have some that never adapt. Our system encourages them, it has provisions to protect those with minority opinions, plus you have all the dirty politics, dirty money, and drity tricks, the duping, etc., which is really expanding these days. Perhaps it's the wave of final destruction of the dream, the democracy, the experiment, proof to the critics that it could never work. Like the USSR, we could be destroyed from within. After all that turmoil, it all ended in sort of a draw, both gone and forgotten.
And the good thing is they only have three more years to exist, as the reason they formed will no longer be in office.
At least they're happy.
Happy anniversary to the domestic terrorists
As a citizen living in a state that borders the sea, the effects of extreme political polarization having on the national dialogue may be corrosive. Most elderly residents here recall a time when one was identified not by their political or religious stripes but rather character, service, civic engagement....remember when there used to be actual bowling leagues and Lions weren't restricted to the Zoo! Thank you.
If No jobs, High unemployment, 50 thousand on Food Stamps, Never Ending Unemployment checks, Millions of Mortgages in Forclosure, the continuing rising Federal Debt, Loss of health plans is your bag, then the Tea Party is not for you. Come to think of it why should you work when you can get never ending welfare.