September 10th, 2013
09:35 PM ET
9 years ago

Transcript: Obama's address on Syria

(CNN) - Targeted military strikes against Syria would deter Syria's government from using chemical weapons and make clear to the world that the use of such weapons won't be tolerated, President Barack Obama said Tuesday night in a televised address to the American public.

He also pointed to "encouraging signs" in diplomatic efforts to address the crisis, crediting these "in part because of the credible threat of U.S. military action." But if diplomacy fails, the U.S. and its military will "be in position to respond," Obama said, not ruling out military intervention in the war-torn country.

Read a transcript of his remarks below.

My fellow Americans, tonight I want to talk to you about Syria, why it matters and where we go from here. Over the past two years, what began as a series of peaceful protests against the oppressive regime of Bashar al-Assad has turned into a brutal civil war.

Over 100,000 people have been killed. Millions have fled the country. In that time, America's worked with allies to provide humanitarian support, to help the moderate opposition, and to shape a political settlement, but I have resisted calls for military action because we cannot resolve someone else's civil war through force, particularly after a decade of war in Iraq and Afghanistan.

The situation profoundly changed, though, on August 21st, when Assad's government gassed to death over 1,000 people, including hundreds of children. The images from this massacre are sickening: men, women, children lying in rows, killed by poison gas, others foaming at the mouth, gasping for breath, a father clutching his dead children, imploring them to get up and walk.

On that terrible night, the world saw in gruesome detail the terrible nature of chemical weapons and why the overwhelming majority of humanity has declared them off-limits, a crime against humanity and a violation of the laws of war.

This was not always the case. In World War I, American G.I.s were among the many thousands killed by deadly gas in the trenches of Europe. In World War II, the Nazis used gas to inflict the horror of the Holocaust. Because these weapons can kill on a mass scale, with no distinction between soldier and infant, the civilized world has spent a century working to ban them. And in 1997, the United States Senate overwhelmingly approved an international agreement prohibiting the use of chemical weapons, now joined by 189 governments that represent 98 percent of humanity.

On August 21st, these basic rules were violated, along with our sense of common humanity. No one disputes that chemical weapons were used in Syria. The world saw thousands of videos, cell phone pictures, and social media accounts from the attack, and humanitarian organizations told stories of hospitals packed with people who had symptoms of poison gas.

Moreover, we know the Assad regime was responsible. In the days leading up to August 21st, we know that Assad's chemical weapons personnel prepared for an attack near an area where they mix sarin
gas. They distributed gas masks to their troops. Then they fired rockets from a regime-controlled area into 11 neighborhoods that the regime has been trying to wipe clear of opposition forces. Shortly after those rockets landed, the gas spread, and hospitals filled with the dying and the wounded.

We know senior figures in Assad's military machine reviewed the results of the attack and the regime increased their shelling of the same neighborhoods in the days that followed. We've also studied samples of blood and hair from people at the site that tested positive for sarin.

When dictators commit atrocities, they depend upon the world to look the other way until those horrifying pictures fade from memory, but these things happened. The facts cannot be denied.

The question now is what the United States of America and the international community is prepared to do about it, because what happened to those people - to those children - is not only a violation of international law, it's also a danger to our security. Let me explain why.

If we fail to act, the Assad regime will see no reason to stop using chemical weapons. As the ban against these weapons erodes, other tyrants will have no reason to think twice about acquiring poison gas and using them. Over time, our troops would again face the prospect of chemical warfare on the battlefield, and it could be easier for terrorist organizations to obtain these weapons and to use them to attack civilians.

If fighting spills beyond Syria's borders, these weapons could threaten allies like Turkey, Jordan and Israel. And a failure to stand against the use of chemical weapons would weaken prohibitions against other weapons of mass destruction and embolden Assad's ally, Iran, which must decide whether to ignore international law by building a nuclear weapon or to take a more peaceful path.

This is not a world we should accept. This is what's at stake. And that is why, after careful deliberation, I determined that it is in the national security interests of the United States to respond to the Assad regime's use of chemical weapons through a targeted military strike. The purpose of this strike would be to deter Assad from using chemical weapons, to degrade his regime's ability to use them, and to make clear to the world that we will not tolerate their use.

That's my judgment as commander-in-chief, but I'm also the president of the world's oldest constitutional democracy. So even though I possess the authority to order military strikes, I believed it was right in the absence of a direct or imminent threat to our security to take this debate to Congress. I believe our democracy is stronger when the president acts with the support of Congress, and I believe that America acts more effectively abroad when we stand together. This is especially true after a decade that put more and more war-making power in the hands of the president and more and more burdens on the shoulders of our troops, while sidelining the people's representatives from the critical decisions about when we use force.

Now, I know that after the terrible toll of Iraq and Afghanistan, the idea of any military action - no matter how limited - is not going to be popular. After all, I've spent four-and-a-half years working to end wars, not to start them.

Our troops are out of Iraq. Our troops are coming home from Afghanistan. And I know Americans want all of us in Washington –especially me - to concentrate on the task of building our nation here at home, putting people back to work, educating our kids, growing our middle class. It's no wonder then that you're asking hard questions.

So let me answer some of the most important questions that I've heard from members of Congress and that I've read in letters that you've sent to me. First, many of you have asked, won't this put us on a slippery slope to another war? One man wrote to me that we are still recovering from our involvement in Iraq. A veteran put it more bluntly: This nation is sick and tired of war.

My answer is simple. I will not put American boots on the ground in Syria. I will not pursue an open-ended action like Iraq or Afghanistan. I will not pursue a prolonged air campaign like Libya or Kosovo. This would be a targeted strike to achieve a clear objective, deterring the use of chemical weapons and degrading Assad's capabilities.

Others have asked whether it's worth acting if we don't take out Assad. Now, some members of Congress have said there's no point in simply doing a pinprick strike in Syria.

Let me make something clear: The United States military doesn't do pinpricks. Even a limited strike will send a message to Assad that no other nation can deliver.

I don't think we should remove another dictator with force. We learned from Iraq that doing so makes us responsible for all that comes next. But a targeted strike can makes Assad - or any other dictator - think twice before using chemical weapons.

Other questions involve the dangers of retaliation. We don't dismiss any threats, but the Assad regime does not have the ability to seriously threaten our military. Any other - any other retaliation they might seek is in line with threats that we face every day. Neither Assad nor his allies have any interest in escalation that would lead to his demise, and our ally, Israel, can defend itself with overwhelming force, as well as the unshakable support of the United States of America.

Many of you have asked a broader question: Why should we get involved at all in a place that's so complicated and where, as one person wrote to me, those who come after Assad may be enemies of human rights?
It's true that some of Assad's opponents are extremists. But al Qaida will only draw strength in a more chaotic Syria if people there see the world doing nothing to prevent innocent civilians from being gassed to death.

The majority of the Syrian people, and the Syrian opposition we work with, just want to live in peace, with dignity and freedom. And the day after any military action, we would redouble our efforts to achieve a political solution that strengthens those who reject the forces of tyranny and extremism.

Finally, many of you have asked, why not leave this to other countries or seek solutions short of force? As several people wrote to me, we should not be the world's policemen.

I agree. And I have a deeply held preference for peaceful solutions. Over the last two years, my administration has tried diplomacy and sanctions, warnings and negotiations, but chemical weapons were still used by the Assad regime.

However, over the last few days, we've seen some encouraging signs, in part because of the credible threat of U.S. military action, as well as constructive talks that I had with President Putin. The Russian government has indicated a willingness to join with the international community in pushing Assad to give up his chemical weapons. The Assad regime has now admitting that it has these weapons and even said they'd join the Chemical Weapons Convention, which prohibits their use.

It's too early to tell whether this offer will succeed, and any agreement must verify that the Assad regime keeps its commitments, but this initiative has the potential to remove the threat of chemical weapons without the use of force, particularly because Russia is one of Assad's strongest allies.

I have therefore asked the leaders of Congress to postpone a vote to authorize the use of force while we pursue this diplomatic path. I'm sending Secretary of State John Kerry to meet his Russian counterpart on Thursday, and I will continue my own discussions with President Putin.

I've spoken to the leaders of two of our closest allies – France and the United Kingdom - and we will work together in consultation with Russia and China to put forward a resolution at the U.N. Security Council requiring Assad to give up his chemical weapons and to ultimately destroy them under international control.

We'll also give U.N. inspectors the opportunity to report their findings about what happened on August 21st, and we will continue to rally support from allies from Europe to the Americas, from Asia to the Middle East, who agree on the need for action.

Meanwhile, I've ordered our military to maintain their current posture to keep the pressure on Assad and to be in a position to respond if diplomacy fails. And tonight I give thanks, again, to our military and their families for their incredible strength and sacrifices.

My fellow Americans, for nearly seven decades, the United States has been the anchor of global security. This has meant doing more than forging international agreements; it has meant enforcing them. The burdens of leadership are often heavy, but the world's a better place because we have borne them.

And so to my friends on the right, I ask you to reconcile your commitment to America's military might with the failure to act when a cause is so plainly just.

To my friends on the left, I ask you to reconcile your belief in freedom and dignity for all people with those images of children writhing in pain and going still on a cold hospital floor, for sometimes resolutions and statements of condemnation are simply not enough.

Indeed, I'd ask every member of Congress and those of you watching at home tonight to view those videos of the attack, and then ask, what kind of world will we live in if the United States of
America sees a dictator brazenly violate international law with poison gas and we choose to look the other way?

Franklin Roosevelt once said, "Our national determination to keep free of foreign wars and foreign entanglements cannot prevent us from feeling deep concern when ideas and principles that we have cherished are challenged."

Our ideals and principles, as well as our national security, are at stake in Syria, along with our leadership of a world where we seek to ensure that the worst weapons will never be used.

America is not the world's policeman. Terrible things happen across the globe, and it is beyond our means to right every wrong, but when with modest effort and risk we can stop children from being gassed to death and thereby make our own children safer over the long run, I believe we should act.

That's what makes America different. That's what makes us exceptional. With humility, but with resolve, let us never lose sight of that essential truth.

Thank you, God bless you, and God bless the United States of America.

Filed under: President Obama • Syria
soundoff (29 Responses)
  1. walter brown

    Yes we should bomb them.Great Job to address the Nation president Obama

    September 10, 2013 09:43 pm at 9:43 pm |
  2. Name hala Mahran

    President Obama speech tonight was very strong and we r happy that he is standing with the Syrian people which they are thousands of them Being killed everyday for the ladt two years, and now he is using chemical to kill his people we r all saying yes for the strike

    September 10, 2013 09:44 pm at 9:44 pm |
  3. FireObama666

    I wish we had a Presidential Leader. It is very sad to say that I don't trust our president, Putin, Assad, Al-Qaeda, Moderate Al-Qaeda.
    The only I want to see us do a Military strike Syria – take out Assad and Al-Qaeda and the moderate Al-Qaeda. I do not ever want America to recognize Al-Qaeda nor make any deals with them.
    I would like President Obama to quit apologizing for America and make a Mandatory Request that he apologizes to America and Israel.

    September 10, 2013 09:51 pm at 9:51 pm |
  4. Rigel L.

    I was one of the 'USA isn't the World's Police', if other countries supported the strike, I would feel much more comfortable -i just don't want to see the USA pay the price for being Vigilanties, although I do understand ethically why Obama wants to strike. I am still UNDECIDED and concerned.

    September 10, 2013 09:55 pm at 9:55 pm |
  5. G

    tired of newt all ready –reagan is dead he,s not coming back –if the country was demanding war -newt would be calling for war

    September 10, 2013 10:03 pm at 10:03 pm |
  6. FireObama666

    I would love to know if our Great Military leaders and planners given any thought that if we strike Syria and we hit there cache of chemical weapons or there manufacturing plants that this could kill millions of Syrians?
    If Obama wasn't so arrogant why didn't talk to Russia more – when the Syrian civil war started. I really don't care about Snowden but our president snubs Putin and Prime Minister Netanyahu and then does a speech that Israel is our Ally but yet Obama has done nothing but show MUCH DIS-RESPECT HE SHOWN TO ISRAEL.. Don't get it. Obama has learned from Billy Clinton on how to lie.

    September 10, 2013 10:03 pm at 10:03 pm |
  7. Salma Hashem Ajlani

    Thank u mr. Presidant your speech was awesome .. Please act as soon as possible .. God bless ..

    September 10, 2013 10:07 pm at 10:07 pm |
  8. Name thomaskwila

    My mind is clear on obama step against syria

    September 10, 2013 10:08 pm at 10:08 pm |

    "Indeed, I'd ask every member of Congress and those of you watching at home tonight to view those videos of the attack, and then ask, what kind of world will we live in if the United States of
    America sees a dictator brazenly violate international law with poison gas and we choose to look the other way?" -BHO

    We looked away when it was Rwanda. I don't care anymore about this appeal to emotions. When Hitler did the same thing we looked away too. We only act if it affects us. Humanitarians? Nah. We are not. Only if our interests are affected. I don't support this. And besides, Russia is just trying to be USSR again. When is Mars open for citizenship already?

    September 10, 2013 10:10 pm at 10:10 pm |

    "Indeed, I'd ask every member of Congress and those of you watching at home tonight to view those videos of the attack, and then ask, what kind of world will we live in if the United States of
    America sees a dictator brazenly violate international law with poison gas and we choose to look the other way?"

    We look away all the time.

    September 10, 2013 10:12 pm at 10:12 pm |
  11. boungiorno


    September 10, 2013 10:17 pm at 10:17 pm |
  12. George Rotaru

    America has not yet had to present a president so capable.America has an internal war ... is the war of the American citizens education is a big war...

    September 10, 2013 10:17 pm at 10:17 pm |
  13. Nadia Nashawi

    I voted yes for my president Obama
    Pleased by his strong speech and pleaed by his support to Syrian people
    Destroying chemical weapons will save thousands of life !
    May God bless America and Syria, May God bless you and your family

    September 10, 2013 10:19 pm at 10:19 pm |
  14. Rev. Brenda Campbell

    I do believe Putin is trying to put the USA in a trap.


    September 10, 2013 10:34 pm at 10:34 pm |
  15. Woman In California

    Its unfortunate but we just can't keep interfering in the middle east.

    Disappointed in California.

    September 10, 2013 10:40 pm at 10:40 pm |
  16. Cynthia

    It's a mistake to send John Kerry. Forget Syria – we will end up at war with Russia.

    September 10, 2013 10:54 pm at 10:54 pm |
  17. John Riley Goldsmith

    Saying we are not the world's policeman directly contradicts and impugns the legacy of President John F. Kennedy whose National Security Action Memorandum 182 on U.S. overseas internal defense policy directed all Federal agencies to concern themselves with the internal defense of areas threatened by subversive insurgency. As a result the Federal government enunciated an elaborate counterinsurgency strategy for the world most recently restated by General David Petreaus in Army/Marine Field Manual 3-24 that guided our actions in Iraq. U. Alexis Johnson of the State Department called the 30+ page document produced in response to NSAM 182 the Counterinsurgency Bible. To expect the State Department to discard the idea of the United States as the world's policeman is like asking Assad to discard the Koran.

    September 10, 2013 11:10 pm at 11:10 pm |
  18. Simon Oseyili

    Great speech mr president, Great speech

    September 10, 2013 11:53 pm at 11:53 pm |
  19. informedguy

    Great speech. I am curious to see how this all plays out. On a side note, am I the only person who read this? Everyone else seems to want to look at the main article and then play the blame/name calling game. Does no one read the primary source anymore? Does anyone make up their own minds or do they need to be spoon fed their opinions?

    September 10, 2013 11:56 pm at 11:56 pm |
  20. Ann Terhune

    Good speech. We cannot be onlookers when atrocities are committed. When ANY country uses chemical or biological weapons, the response from other countries needs to be strong. Otherwise, we are all likely to be victims.

    September 11, 2013 01:06 am at 1:06 am |
  21. Kyle H. Davis

    "I believe our democracy is stronger when the president acts with the support of Congress, and I believe that America acts more effectively abroad when we stand together. This is especially true after a decade that put more and more war-making power in the hands of the president and more and more burdens on the shoulders of our troops, while sidelining the people's representatives from the critical decisions about when we use force. "

    That last sentence is the biggest rewrite of history I have seen in a long time.

    Iraq (on both occasions) and Afghanistan were actions debated and voted on by Congress. To act as though Obama is doing anything that was not done in the previous years by Bush, is just an outright lie. I'm NOT supporting Bush, but please don't throw out this smoke and mirror "holier than thou" attitude, when he knows right well there is less support for this than any military action in over 20 years, and when there is less justification than there was for the past two wars – including Iraq.

    September 11, 2013 01:55 am at 1:55 am |
  22. doug marcus

    pieces of paper that promises that dictators would behave rings of munich and neville chamberlain. the strategic part of the delay is that it is allowing russia to backstop syria. when there will be another chemical attack but russian boots will be on the ground – thus military force is now no longer an option at all.

    September 11, 2013 01:59 am at 1:59 am |
  23. smb12321

    The real problem is BO convincing himself not the public. He gets trapped by the red Line remark then jumps at an absurd idea which everyone knows is dead on arrival. The Sec of State remarks along with top "aides" are compounded by the ambivalence of the pres. We should not be in Syria to keep the prez from losing face. Simply mortifying to Americans and puzzling to everyone else.

    September 11, 2013 06:00 am at 6:00 am |
  24. smb12321

    The continua changes, gaffes, threats, reversals, etc are as confusing as they are humiliating. The almost pathetic jump to latch onto Putin's ridiculous offer only underscores this theater of the absurd. US foreign policy should not be guided by gaffes or the fear of losing face. The world is torn between derision and confusion. They can't figure out what this admin wants or says. Syria's neighbors have billions in weapons bought for self defense yet none is concerned enough to use them. That says it all.

    September 11, 2013 06:17 am at 6:17 am |
  25. Matthew Starr

    So if you're on "the right" in this country, you only believe in American military might but "the left" believes in freedom and dignity for all people? This is why our country is divided. Race doesn't play a part in it as much as the constant finger pointing of "you believe in conserving American economic and military strength and you're wrong." We are not the world's police force and we can't feed everyone. Let another soverign nation find its own way.

    September 11, 2013 06:42 am at 6:42 am |
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